UN Member states commit to reducing by half the proportion of the population without sustainable Access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation (MDG 7.C).
UNSGAB recognizes the potential to build the capacity of water utilities through the WOPs mechanism.
Hashimoto Action Plan 1
UNSG requests UN-Habitat to set up a global centre to make WOPs more effective and systematic.
GWOPA is founded in Nairobi as an international multi-stakeholder Alliance, working to scale up effective WOPs.
GWOPA formally constituted.
UNGA calls upon states and international organizations to provide financial resources, capacity-building and technology transfer to help, in particular, developing countries to provide safe, clean, accessible and affordable drinking water and sanitation for all.
The Human Right to Water and Sanitation.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) replace MDGs framework. Goals call for the expansion of international cooperation and capacity building support that promotes equitable, efficient, safe, financially viable, resilient, participatory, innovative and integrated water and sanitation activities and programmes. (SDG, 3.3, 3.9, 6A, 6B, 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 11.5, 12.4, 17.3, 17.6, 17.9).
EU Parliament encourages the promotion of public-public partnerships in water facilities in developing countries, in line with GWOPA’s efforts.
The European Citizens’ Initiative Rght2Water
While absent from the UNFCC COP 21 document that forged the global deal to combat global climate change, water is widely recognized as the means through which climate change makes its greatest impact. Country level commitments to the convention can be met in part by equipping utilities to adapt to deregulated hydrological regimes and heightened disaster risk, as well as to mitigate climate change by reducing their GHG gas emissions. COP 21, Paris Agreement
2015 – 2016
The UN framework that endeavors to reduce the occurrence and negative impact of disaster effects globally. WOPs can contribute most to its targets d) to Substantially reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services, and f) to substantially enhance international cooperation to developing countries through adequate and sustainable support. Sendai Framework for Disaster Reduction
The High Level Panel on Water commits itself to take action on a new approach to water management to help achieve 2030 SDGs. The panel acknowledges and supports the WOPs practice. (2).
The New Urban Agenda presents a shared vision for the future of sustainable cities and communities, where ‘the rubber hits the ground’ in realizing the SDGs. The Agenda commits “to equip public water and sanitation utilities with the capacity to implement sustainable water management systems” (NUA, paragraph 120) and recognizes the need for sustainable and inclusive water and sanitation services in its vision of cities and communities where “no one is left behind.” The NUA also emphasizes peer-to-peer capacity development and partnerships.