WOP: National Water and Sewerage Corporation & Nkana Water and Sewerage Company

WOP: National Water and Sewerage Corporation & Nkana Water and Sewerage Company

SecretariatSecretariat   March 26, 2018  


Based on the evidence provided by an in-depth analysis on utilities having set up and sustained successful LICSUs (Low-Income Customer Support Units), WaterAid approached GWOPA in 2016 to propose an opportunity for those utilities willing to emulate the good practices identified. The objective of the collaboration between WaterAid and GWOPA was to help one mentee utility in Africa to establish a LICSU with the help of an experienced utility (mentor) and to review its current pro-poor practices in the view of providing recommendations for improving them through the newly established LICSU. There was a Call for Mentees and two Zambian utilities were selected, Nkana Water and Sewerage Company being one and Mulonga Water Company (Zambia) being the other.

This was a pilot initiative, as the partners, GWOPA and WaterAid hope that further support through peer-to-peer exchange between utilities will be explored on the back of this process. It is also hoped that this will have the effect of not only benefiting the relevant state or cities, where the utilities operate but also open up a new line of peer support through WOPs.

The WOP has been designed for a total duration of one year, with a diagnosis visit of 5 days, a benchmarking visit of the same duration, and 3 training and monitoring subsequent visits. The last visit should be a validation of the Medium Term Plan and an assessment of the achievements of the project.

wop africa



October 01, 2017 - October 01, 2018
Was the code of conduct followed?
Yes link
Did the operators sign a formal partnership agreement?
WOPs facilitator



Other supporting organizations
WaterAid (Technical support, Funding Partner)
GWOPA (Broker, Facilitator, Technical support)
Total cost of WOP ($)


  • Billing and revenue collection
  • Customer relations
  • Expanding services to low income households
  • Non Revenue Water (NRW) management
  • Other

Please specify other theme(s)

The WOP was funded by WaterAid, on the basis of the GWOPA’s Charter and Code-of-Conduct, including the not-for-profit principle. NWSC – Uganda was identified as a suitable mentor and mandated to help Nkana Water and Sewerage Company (NWSC-Zambia) to:

(1) Undertake an assessment of the present situation, especially review of the current pro-poor services within NWSC-Zambia.
(2) Provide a clear road-map for the improvement of Low-Income Customer Services, including when relevant, the establishment of a Low-Income Customer Support Unit (LICSU) within the mentee utility, with some steps actually taken by the utility.
(3) Provide a Short Term Action Plan (One [1] year) – developed and implemented – for the improvement of the pro-poor services through the newly established LICSU. This could include the design of a pilot project in a settlement identified during the WOP implementation phase; and
(4) Provide a Medium Term Action Plan (two [2] to thee [3] years) for the improvement of the pro-poor services through the LICSU including investment needs.

As a mentor, NWSC-Uganda was mandated to implement some targeted capacity building activities –on the basis of the need assessment done during the diagnosis-aiming at implementing short-term thematic action plans during the one-year WOP and help the mentee to establish a LICSU.


What types of activities were carried out to help develop operator capacity?
  • Classroom training
  • Joint planning or work
  • Online training
  • Site visits
  • Other


Describe the overall results
(1) A Short Term Action Plan has been designed and some actions have been already implemented (by March 2018).
(2) New organogram for Pro-poor Unit adopted and in place.
(3) Recruitment of community facilitators and marketing assistants.
(4) Amnesty for one month (February 2018) to regularize illegal connections in low-income areas implemented, around 90 customers regularized
(5) Disconnected customers, low consumption and zero consumption connections are investigated systematically every month.
(6) Materials to be used in LIC operations budgeted by Water supply manager and budget approved and included by Management
(7) Joint Field sensitization with clinics/all stakeholders on the dangers of alternative non-protected sources (Cholera sensitization campaigns done in January and early February. This was done in conjunction with the council and district health).
(8) Community participation to create ownership enhanced by engaging stakeholders in community activities; Stakeholders were engaged during :
- Distribution of notices on pipe laying exercise( councilors and WDCs)
- Cholera alertness and dangers of using well water (Council, District Health and Neighborhood health technicians)
- Sensitization on prepaid metering (councillors and WDCs)
- Sensitization on vandalism, water conservation and disease outbreaks

*This WOP is on-going and will be updated at a later stage*

Which factors had a positive influence on the success of your WOP?
  • Accurate identification of capacity needs
  • Other


  • File Description
    File Size
    File Type
  • 1. EXPRESSION OF INTEREST_final_revised
    674 KB
  • 2. FoC_Nkana_signed_Habitat_WaterAid
    465 KB
  • 3 NWSC Zambia Diagonostic and Short Term Action Plan Report_Final_07032018
    3 MB
  • 3._b Revised Methodology and Program for 1st Diagnostic Mission_Final
    786 KB
  • 3.1 Annex VII a NWSC- Uganda Presentation to NWSC Zambia _ 04102017
    644 KB
  • 3.2 Annex VIII NWSC Zambia presentation by TD Cliff_02102017
    6 MB
  • 3.3 Annex VII b NWSC-Uganda presentation to NWSC Zambia_04102017
    1 MB
  • 4. Zambia WOP_Benchmarking Visit_15-20.Jan.2018_Final Report
    1 MB
  • 4.1 ANNEX # 1 Zambia WOP _Programme _Nkana Mulonga _final_15012018
    281 KB
  • 4.2 ANNEX # 2 HR Presentation NkanaMulonga
    486 KB
  • 4.3 ANNEX #3 Overview BSS
    187 KB
  • 4.4 ANNEX # 4 Intel Billing presentation_Nkana Mulonga Water
    250 KB
  • 4.5 ANNEX # 5 NWSC pro poor service operations
    1 MB
  • 4.6 ANNEX # 6 On spot Billing Function presentation
    647 KB
  • 4.7 ANNEX # 7 Kampala Water Production Organogram Structure
    153 KB
  • 4.8 ANNEX 8 KW NRW Reduction Initiativies
    3 MB
  • 4.9 ANNEX # 9 NWSC Overview_Presentation to WOP Nkana Mulonga _Jan 2018
    4 MB
  • 4.10 Report on the Educational Tour to Uganda from 14th to 20th January 2018-nkana
    650 KB